Solution for the upcoming 5G – “Suspended Antennas”
At Ohio State University a group of researchers is working on a new antenna design that may be able to improve the quality of the electromagnetic signal for millimeter wave communication, those that are between the frequencies of 30 to 300 GHz. The idea is to build “suspended antennas” so that they do not suffer interference from their bases. In this way, they could work efficiently above 85% and thus make data transfer faster, and perhaps cheaper.
This would be especially useful for the new generation of mobile communications, the famous 5G, which would operate almost exclusively in the millimeter wave range. The frequencies of this type of wave have the advantage of being able to carry a great amount of data, but can not cover a very large region, and any physical obstacle generates interference and weakens the signal.
Researchers are working with the 3D printing of these antennas to find a pattern or material that helps maximize the propagation of waves without offering any resistance.
With the antenna model for the cellular network we have today, building 5G networks would be very costly, and perhaps the solution of the researchers of the cited university is a good alternative. There is not yet a very clear description of how the suspended antennas would work, but the idea is that they will be trapped by diaphragms to their pedestals. As a result, interference from building materials would be minimal, allowing faster communication between smartphone and tower.
In addition to using telecommunications, researchers hope to harness technology for short-range communications, as well as for satellites, radars, sensors, security and even for medical purposes.
Unfortunately, there is no prediction of when such novelty could reach current communication networks.